Sukabumi is a city in the southern foothills of Mt. Gede, in West Java, Indonesia, about 100 km south of the national capital, Jakarta. Area around Sukabumi is also a destination for whitewater rafting. Tea and Rubber production is a major industry in the area. The area around Sukabumi was already inhabited at least in the 11th century. The first written record found in this area was the Sanghyang Tapak Stone in Cibadak, 20 km west of the city. Written in Kawi script, the stone tells about the prohibition of fishing activity in the nearby river by the authorities of the Sunda Kingdom. In 1677, after the Dutch forced Mataram to sign a series of unequal treaties as a consequence of Dutch assistance for quelling the Trunajaya rebellion, Sukabumi came under direct control of Tjiandjoer. By that time, there were only few rural Sundanese settlements existed, one of the largest was Tjikole.
The name Soekaboemi was first used on 1815, when a Priangan-based plantation owner (known then as Preanger Planter) and surgeon named Andries de Wilde visited Tjikole in 1814. From his consultations with local people, De Wilde wrote a letter to Nicolaus Engelhard, his friend and plantation investor, where De Wilde asked Engelhard to propose a name change of the Tjikole to Soekaboemi, to which Raffles agreed.
In Dutch colonial times, Sukabumi was the site of Politieschool, the colonial police academy.
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