Sukabumi is a city at the southern foothills of Mount Gede in West Java, Indonesia, about 100 km south of the national capital, Jakarta. It was already inhabited at least in the 11th century. The first written record found in this area was the Sanghyang Tapak Stone in Cibadak, 20 km west of the city.
In 1677, after the Dutch forced Mataram to sign a series of unequal treaties as a consequence of Dutch assistance for quelling the Trunajaya rebellion, Sukabumi came under direct control of Tjiandjoer.
The name Soekaboemi was first used on 1815, when a Priangan-based plantation owner (known then as Preanger Planter) and surgeon named Andries de Wilde visited Tjikole in 1814, and who eventually proposed a name change of the place to Soekaboemi, to which Raffles agreed.
Today, tea and rubber production are major industries, and the area around Sukabumi is also a destination for whitewater rafting.
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