The Bukit Duabelas National Park is located in Jambi Province on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. As a national park, Bukit Duabelas is relatively small, covering covering 605 km², consisting or primary rainforest and secondary forest. Among the endangered animals protected in the park are the clouded leopard, the Java mouse-deer, the sun bear, the Sumatran muntjac, the leopard cat, the hairy-nosed otter, the Sumatran striped rabbit and the crested serpent eagle.
The park is also inhabited by the indigenous Orang Rimba or Jungle People. Life of the Orang Rimba is characterized by small and changing camps, which can be the size of a nuclear family when digging for wild yams, but more commonly are based around an extended family. Their social relations are very egalitarian. They have a unique, diverse economy, which shifts in and out of two base subsistence strategies: swidden farming and a nomadic life based on foraging wild yams. This is traditionally combined with hunting, trapping, fishing, and the collection of forest products for trade.